By H.-J. Kruse

A few years in the past no one might have expected that during reference to degeneracy in Linear Programming fairly a brand new box. might originate. In 1976 an easy query has been posed: within the case an severe element (EP) of a polytope is degenerate and the duty is to discover all neighbouring EP's of the degenerate EP, is it essential to be sure all uncomplicated ideas of the corresponding equalities process linked to the degenerate EP -in order to make sure to figure out all neighbours of this EP? this query implied one other one: Does there exists a subset of the pointed out set of simple suggestions such that it suffices to discover this kind of subset on the way to ensure all neighbours? step one to unravel those questions (which are stimulated within the first bankruptcy of this booklet) was once to outline a graph (called degeneracy graph) the nodes of which correspond to the fundamental recommendations. It became out that this type of graph has a few exact homes and in an effort to resolve the above questions to start with those homes needed to be investigated. additionally the constitution of degeneracy graphs playes hereby a tremendous function. as the thought of degeneracy graphs used to be fairly new, it used to be essential to difficult first a totally new terminology and to outline new notions. Dr.

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Accordingly, nonreduced degeneracy tableaux are called minimally laid if the number of nonzero elements equals max {n, o} + o. A definite answer to question [F1] is given by the following assertion. 6 For the tableau density d of a minimally laid oxn-degeneracy tableau holds d = ! 11) n' 1 if 0 > n. Proof By = n·o - V d By ~ ~ we obtain for the tableau density d 1 _ no - no ~ 1 -~: n·o J!.... 11). #= The nonzero elements in minimally laid oxn-degeneracy tableaux may definitely be differently arranged (cf.

28) is the minimal number of nodes for axn-degeneracy graphs in the case a > n. 29) n, 2 n - 1 (a - n + 2) , if a > n. 14. 28). 21). Thus the case a = n can be integrated into the case a ~ n or a <: n. 29) is simplified for a For a (3) For a ~ 2 and n <: 2: Umin = 2n. 1 , n E IN arbitrary: U min 2. For a 1: U min n + 1. Umax The magnitude which Umin assumes as a function of n and a is illustrated in Tab. 7 (cf. Tab. 1). In Fig. 4 Umin is represented as a function of n and a, a fixed and n variable each time (cf.

2) There are two non-isomorphic 2x4 degeneracy graphs with 12 nodes (cf. Appendix, C3 and Tab. C3)1). Moreover, the following results from Appendix C: The nodes (or degeneracy tableaux) of 2xn-degeneracy graphs (n fixed) may be divided into classes of types such that each type of node (or type of tableau) can uniquely be assigned to a 2xn-degeneracy graph. e. is completely accounted for by giving just one type of node (or type of tableau). to the determination of classes of nodes or classes of degeneracy tableaux.