Read e-book online Decision-making in the Stalinist Command Economy, 1932–37 PDF

By E. A. Rees

A designated exam of financial policy-making within the USSR through the interval of the second one Five-Year Plan (1933-1937). The paintings examines the method through which the plan was once formulated and applied, via a sequence of exact case-studies, in line with archival fabric, analyzing the function of the Politburo, the Soviet executive, Gosplan and the most monetary commissariats. It examines the connection among the conflicts in the monetary commissariats and the unleashing of the good Purges 1936-38. The paintings goals in the direction of a brand new conceptualisation of the Stalinist state.

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Extra info for Decision-making in the Stalinist Command Economy, 1932–37

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Most collegia up to 1934 numbered no more than 15-20 members, and met on a weekly basis. In practice attendance at collegium meetings might be greater, up to 50-60 being present, representing expert opinion and the various departments and institutions (for example individual factories) for which the commissariat was responsible. This system of collegial leadership was theoretically intended to provide a basis of collective decision-making, and as such imposed some limits on the power of the narkom.

They were too important, urgent and secret to be delegated. But this did not mean that those entrusted with responsibility for these areas were senior Politburo figures. Litvinov, narkom of NKlnDel and Yagoda, narkom of NKVD, were not Politburo members. The position of certain senior politicians and the great economic controllers (Kuibyshev, Mikoyan, and later on Kaganovich), all leading members of the Politburo, demonstrates the primacy of economic affairs in politics for at least the first half of the thirties.

29 Consultative members included the heads of OGPU and TsSU, members of TsIK, representatives of republican Sovnarkoms, three to eight official republican representatives, the head of the Sovnarkom chancellery, and deputy commissars. There were complicated rules as to when a deputy commissar could stand in for his chief as a voting member. Members of kollegii, and deputy heads of chancellery also attended when business required it. 30 Sovnarkom's chief concern with economic planning was in implementing the annual and quarterly plans.

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