By James G. Shanahan, Yan Qu, Janyce Wiebe
The chapters during this booklet handle perspective, have an effect on, and subjective opinion. quite a few conceptual versions and computational tools are provided, together with distinguishing attitudes from easy real assertions; distinguishing among the author’s studies from studies of different people’s evaluations; and distinguishing among explicitly and implicitly said attitudes. moreover, many purposes are defined that promise to profit from the facility to appreciate attitudes and impact, resembling indexing and retrieval of files by means of opinion; computerized query answering approximately reviews; research of sentiment within the media and in chat groups; examining purchaser discourse in treatment and counseling; making a choice on family members among clinical texts; producing extra applicable texts; and developing writers’ aids. as well as English texts, the gathering contains reviews of French, eastern, and Portuguese texts. The chapters are prolonged and revised models of papers offered on the American organization for synthetic Intelligence (AAAI) Spring Symposium on Exploring angle and have an effect on in textual content, which came about in March 2004 at Stanford college. The symposium, and the publication which grew out it, symbolize a primary foray into this quarter and a stability between conceptual types, computational equipment, and functions.
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Extra resources for Computing Attitude and Affect in Text: Theory and Applications (The Information Retrieval Series)
Source-list(Sen. Packwood, Reporter Jeffrey H. Birnbaum, h, n, n, n)] [Republicans can garner a majority in the 100-member Senate for a capital-gains tax cut. Source-list(Republicans, Reporter Jeffrey H. Birnbaum, n, n, n, n)] [the Democrats are unfairly using Senate rules to erect a 60-vote hurdle. Source-list(Republicans, Reporter Jeffrey H. Birnbaum, n, h, n, n)] [the proposal, which also would create a new type of individual retirement account, was fraught with budget gimmickry that would lose billions of dollars in the long run.
Madrid. 22 CONVEYING ATTITUDE WITH REPORTED SPEECH Mithun, M. (1999) The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. , and Ahn, D. (2004) A Rule Based Approach to Discourse Parsing. In Proceedings of the 5th SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue. Cambridge. Polanyi, L. and Zaenen, A. (2004) Contextual Valence Shifters. , Wiebe, J. ) Exploring Attitude and Affect in Text: Theories and Applications AAAI-EAAT 2004, AAAI Press Report SS-04-07. , and Svartvik, J. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language.
Because information may be easier to interpret in the pertinent context, profile structures restore this original context. Finally, a reasoner that has to make sense of many differing accounts must have a reasoning zone like potential beliefs, where contradictory information is stored together with its authenticating information (akin to the source list) until enough evidence is accumulated to adopt one side as the predominant one, which can be transformed into actually held beliefs. Reported speech as the most widely used example of evidential coding can thus serve as the guiding model for the treatment of second hand information in general.