Collective Motion and Phase Transitions in Nuclear Systems: - download pdf or read online

By A. A. Raduta, V. Baran, A. C. Gheorghe, I. Ursu

This quantity comprises the invited contributions that have been awarded on the Predeal overseas summer time institution in Nuclear Physics 2006. It covers the new achievements within the fields of nuclear constitution, double beta decay, nuclear multifragmentation, kaon and dilepton construction in heavy ion collisions, and the quark-gluon plasma. The remedy is either theoretical and experimental, with emphasis at the collective points and similar part transitions. The papers are authored by means of many top researchers within the box.

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Extra info for Collective Motion and Phase Transitions in Nuclear Systems: Proceedings of the Predeal International Summer School Innuclear Physics, Predeal, Romania, 28 August-9 September 2006

Example text

In lS2Sm,the comparison can be extended to the lowest negative-parity state of the s = 2 band, if the level reported as 1(-) really belongs to this band as it would be suggested by its decay. If it is so, its energy is significantly lower than the model prediction, but this happens also for all the s = 2 excited states of even parity and spin. The B(E1) strength of a few transitions is known, but the theoretical analysis of this information is not easy. In fact, if we remain strictly in the frame of the hydrodynamical model (with a fluid of constant charge density) all E l transitions are predicted to vanish (at least, in the long wavelength limit).

20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. R. R. Chasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 630 (1979); Phys. Lett B 96, 7 (1980). P. Moller and J. R. Nix, Nucl. Phys. A 361, 117 (1981). S. G. Fbhozinski, Rep. Prog. Phys. 51, 541 (1988). P. A. Butler and W. Nazarewicz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 349 (1996). A. A. Raduta, Al. H. Raduta, A. Faessler, Phys. Rev. C 55, 1747 (1997). A. A. Raduta, Al. H. Raduta, A. Faessler, J. Phys. G 23, 149 (1997). A. A. Faessler, R. K. Sheline, Phys. Rev. C 57, 1512 (1998). A. A. Raduta, D.

This kind of analysis is still in progress. As ~ 20 an example, we give in Fig. We note that in both cases the positive part of the band is very close to the X(5) predictions, while the negative part fits satisfactorily the experimental results. This fact suggests that 224Raand 224Threally lye close to the critical point of a phase transition between spherical shape and reflection-asymmetric deformation. Obviously, this conclusion should be substantiated by further calculations, in particular for the transition amplitudes.

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