Download e-book for kindle: Collective Action Under the Articles of Confederation by Keith L. Dougherty

By Keith L. Dougherty

Instead of specialise in why the states didn't give a contribution to the nationwide govt below the Articles of Confederation, Collective motion less than the Articles of Confederation asks why they, actually, did--even once they wouldn't have been anticipated to give a contribution. Why did states pay huge parts in their requisitions to the government whilst difficulties of collective motion and the inability of governmental incentives recommend that they need to now not have? utilizing unique facts, Keith L. Dougherty indicates that states contributed to the nationwide executive while doing so produced neighborhood earnings.

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Extra resources for Collective Action Under the Articles of Confederation

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They received a negative valuation when benefits were less than costs. Consider two interesting cases. First, it is possible that every state benefited from national defense but no state gained enough benefits to pay the costs of a single unit by itself. In other words, Bz was positive but C > Bi for each state. If we added together the benefits from each state, we might find that the total benefits actually exceeded the costs. In other words, we might find that the states as a whole received net gains from providing the good and concluded that the good ought to have been produced.

Congress had the authority to appoint a "Committee of States," composed of one delegate from each state, "to sit in the recess of Congress" in order to determine major decisions (Article IX). Congress never requisitioned the states using this power; instead, it passed all pecuniary requisitions from the floor. Why the framers chose the exact ratio of nine thirteenths is unclear. Certainly Congress wanted a super-majority to decide important issues but could have adopted several ratios. Donald Lutz argues that this procedure was consistent with precedents established by the Albany Plan in 1754, which required major decisions to obtain support from two out of the three major geographic regions - New England, the Mid-Atlantic and the South.

Instead, permanent revenue was left to the requisition system laid out in Article VIII. To facilitate the implementation of its powers, the framers allowed Congress to appoint a President who would preside over meetings and civil officers deemed "necessary for managing the affairs of the United States" (Article IX). The President of Congress supervised meetings but maintained less power than influential members on the floor. He had no control over the agenda, he could not engage in debate, and he did not vote.

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