Collaborative Information Seeking: The Art and Science of - download pdf or read online

By Chirag Shah

Today’s advanced, information-intensive difficulties usually require humans to interact. normally those initiatives move a long way past easily looking out jointly; they contain info search for, sharing, synthesis, and decision-making. additionally, all of them have an end-goal that's jointly precious to all events concerned. Such “collaborative details looking” (CIS) tasks mostly final a number of classes and the members all proportion an purpose to give a contribution and gain. now not strangely, those tactics are hugely interactive.

Shah specializes in separately well-understood notions: collaboration and data looking, with the objective of bringing them jointly to teach the way it is a typical tendency for people to interact on advanced projects. the 1st a part of his booklet introduces the overall notions of collaboration and data looking, in addition to comparable recommendations, terminology, and frameworks; and therefore presents the reader with a complete therapy of the ideas underlying CIS. the second one a part of the ebook information CIS as a standalone area. a sequence of frameworks, theories, and versions are brought to supply a conceptual foundation for CIS. the ultimate half describes numerous structures and purposes of CIS, besides their broader implications on different fields akin to computer-supported cooperative paintings (CSCW) and human-computer interplay (HCI).

With this primary accomplished evaluation of a thrilling new study box, Shah can provide to graduate scholars and researchers in academia and an encompassing description of the applied sciences concerned, cutting-edge effects, and open demanding situations in addition to learn opportunities.

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Extra info for Collaborative Information Seeking: The Art and Science of Making the Whole Greater than the Sum of All

Sample text

1. Diversity of opinion. Each person should have some private information, even if it is just an eccentric interpretation of known facts. 2. Independence. People’s opinions are not determined by the opinions of those around them. 3 Process of Collaboration 17 3. Decentralization. People are able to specialize and draw on local knowledge. 4. Aggregation. Some mechanism exists for turning private judgments into a collective decision. Collaboration, in many situations, is a process that ties people of varying opinions and abilities together.

Parties garner the support of those who will be charged with implementing the agreement. c. Structures for implementation are established. d. The agreement is monitored and compliance is ensured. Similar to these three phases of Gray, Denning and Yaholkovsky [4] provided three main stages of solving a complex problem: design, collaboration, and followthrough. The authors defined the collaboration stage as a set of five specific substages: (1) declare, (2) connect, (3) listen to and learn all perspectives, (4) allow a “we” to develop, and (5) create together.

Let us talk about how ties in information seeking environments such as transferring weaker ties to stronger ones to encourage possible collaboration has been used several other places too. For instance, there are co-browsing applications that let visitors of the same webpage be aware of each other, hoping they may want to collaborate as they have the same information need [12]. Sometimes the stronger ties are formed not to do collaboration, but for a possible filtering of information. , connecting the users based on their behavior, and having them influenced by each other).

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