By I. Rohlfing
A dialogue of the case learn procedure which develops an integrative framework for causal inference in small-n study. This framework is utilized to analyze layout initiatives reminiscent of case choice and approach tracing. The ebook offers the fundamentals, cutting-edge and arguments for making improvements to the case research strategy and empirical small-n examine.
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Additional info for Case Studies and Causal Inference: An Integrative Framework
The claim that mechanisms play out on a lower level than does the causal effect means that one should search for mechanisms via process tracing on the within-case level. With the exception of some quantitative research that takes a different view on mechanisms (Imai et al. 2011), this can be considered a truism of qualitative research. The recently emphasized argument that mechanisms possess the capacity to produce or prevent change of the outcome (Bunge 1997; Kurki 2007) is immune to direct observation in process tracing.
Is the case study only concerned with formal rules? Or does it also extend to informal procedures? These are some of the questions that one needs to address in delineating the institutional boundary of a case. The meaning of a spatial bound is more apparent because the radical reform of the welfare state is committed by New Zealand. If radical retrenchment in Germany had been selected, the spatial limits of the case would be territorial boundaries of Germany. Many cases in the social sciences have a spatial 26 Case Studies and Causal Inference bound, and sometimes it is even made a defining feature of cases (Gerring 2007a, 19).
The perceived threat is greater, the more land a person owns, that is, the greater the landholding inequality, the more that person has to lose from a successful transition to democracy. 1. As a response to the perceived threat, landowners interfere in the staffing of the local administration that is in charge of the conduct of elections. This part of the argument is captured by the second intervening step. In turn, the deployment of people who are committed to the landowner’s interest accounts for electoral fraud on the district level because the officials selected by the landowner are prepared to manipulate elections in the latter’s favor.