By Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis (eds.)
This quantity includes articles from top analysts and researchers on sustainable transportation, who supply severe reflections on how automobile-related weather rules have developed prior to now in Europe and around the globe, in view of the generally famous have to considerably lessen international emissions of greenhouse gases within the coming a long time. Authors describe the regulations which were optimum, define their financial and social implications, current luck tales whereas severely reviewing much less winning examples, and recommend thoughts to decarbonize passenger transportation on an international scale.
Read or Download Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in a Global Context PDF
Best european books
The eu Union and ecu identification have been till lately the gadgets of separate branches of scholarship and inquiry. With the access of principal and jap eu individuals into the european, it has turn into transparent that the way forward for the ecu Union can now not be thought of in isolation from the way forward for ecu identification.
The e-book covers the next major themes: turbulence constitution, transition, dynamical platforms on the subject of transition, turbulent combustion and combining, turbulence stricken by physique forces, turbulence modeling, drag relief, and novel experimental innovations. as well as 6 invited survey lectures the reader will locate good over 50 contributions through experts within the box.
This quantity provides the complaints of ECSCW 2013, the thirteenth ecu convention on machine Supported Cooperative paintings. every one convention bargains an party to severely evaluation our learn box, which has been multidisciplinary and devoted to excessive clinical criteria, either theoretical and methodological, from its starting.
- Multigrid Methods V: Proceedings of the Fifth European Multigrid Conference held in Stuttgart, Germany, October 1–4, 1996
- Current Topics in Czech and Central European Geography Education
- European Retail Research: 2014, Volume 28, Issue I
- Highlights of Pediatric Radiology: 22nd Post-Graduate Course of the European Society of Pediatric Radiology (ESPR) Jerusalem, Israel, May 23–24, 1999
- Entwicklung räumlicher Cluster: Das Beispiel Internet und E-Commerce-Gründungen in Deutschland
Additional resources for Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in a Global Context
The figures reveal a wide range of values for each mode of transport, the range corresponding to the lower and higher boundary of the geographical zones considered in MoMo and the average value being shown as a vertical line. Some modes are generally more efficient than other modes: for example, rail is more efficient than air in both freight and passenger movement. But the most efficient mode can depend on the range of travel: for example passenger air travel is generally less efficient than passenger LDV travel, except for very long distances.
Positive results can be achieved, because predictability is not subject to the negative feedback loops caused by the constant travel time and enhanced urbanization, while time loss is. This is not the appropriate place to discuss urban transport policy at length. Only a few main lines will be touched on, following from the sketched compass for urban transport. Compact cities have greater accessibility than a dispersed built environment and will emit somewhat less transport related CO2 . Mass transit is needed in addition to car traffic, in order to keep large urban areas accessible.
Although technology can substantially reduce the production of greenhouse gasses from transport, the main question is whether these technological promises will become reality. From past experiences it is clear that powerful policies are needed to get clean technologies indeed on the road. The following chapters of this book will discuss at length policies at the EU and national level. Three types of policy instruments have thus far proven to be effective: • Setting and tightening standards for the specific fuel consumption or CO2 emissions from vehicles.