By Tim R. New
This survey of the advance of butterfly conservation in an immense, mostly endemic and hugely threatened nearby fauna of Australia demonstrates how classes from somewhere else were utilized and built in a comparatively poorly recognized fauna, within which conservation pursuits variety from unmarried subspecies to complete biotopes and groups. rules and sensible programmes are mentioned, and lots more and plenty hitherto scattered details is introduced jointly in a synthesis that would be of substantial curiosity to ecologists, conservation biologists, and butterfly conservation practitioners in different elements of the world.
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Extra resources for Butterfly Conservation in South-Eastern Australia: Progress and Prospects
The large scale of clearing native vegetation in Australia has led, for example, to largely agricultural landscapes in which small patches of native vegetation remain, sometimes purposefully but commonly because the ground is unsuitable for cultivation by being too steep or rocky, or adjacent to watercourses. 3 Threats and Butterfly Declines 29 small proportions of such landscapes are preserved predominantly for conservation. The example of the Griffith region of western New South Wales (Braby and Edwards 2006) is not unusual.
Recognition that listing must be a transparent and responsible action, and can alienate hobbyist interests. 3. Recognition that cooperation, based on non-legal protocols, might foster constructive progress. 4. Recognition that different priorities may be harmonised responsibly by increased understanding and that benefits to conservation may result. Hobbyists 1. Recognition of need for responsible restraint on numbers of specimens captured, and occasional need for total bans on take. Unwanted and surplus specimens should be released unharmed in site of capture.
H. m. mastersi, the mainland subspecies found mostly in parts of Victoria and New South Wales occurs in wet forests and swampy areas supporting Gahnia melanocarpa, a sedge which does not occur in Tasmania. Additional searches by Neyland (1994) failed to rediscover the butterfly, and Braby (2000, who did not recognize the subspecies as distinct) considered it extinct in Tasmania. The individual might have been bred from a vagrant colonist, but McQuillan (1994) noted the possibility of an error in reporting, with Neyland later remarking that exchange of butterfly pupae with mainland collectors was considerable in the 1960s.