By H. R. Lerner (auth.), Dov Pasternak, Anthony San Pietro (eds.)
Historically, scientists and laymen have seemed salinity as a hazar dous, dangerous phenomenon. This detrimental view was once a critical cause of the shortcoming of agricultural improvement of such a lot arid and semi arid zones of the realm the place the foremost assets of water for organic construction are saline. The past due Hugo Boyko used to be most likely the 1st scientist in recent years to problem this ordinarily held, pessimistic view of salinity. His examine in Israel indicated that many vegetation will be irrigated with saline water, even at seawater energy, in the event that they are in sandy soil - a strategy which could open a lot barren land to agriculture. This new, even radical, method of salinity used to be basically enunciated within the ebook he edited and so much thoroughly entitled 'Salinity and Aridity: New ways to outdated difficulties' (1966). A decade later, 3 participants of the U.S. nationwide technology beginning (NSF), Lewis Mayfield, James Aller and Oskar Zaborsky, formulated the 'Biosaline Concept'; specifically, that bad soils, excessive sunlight insolation and saline water, which be successful in arid lands, could be considered as necessary assets instead of as hazards, and that those assets can be utilized for non-traditional creation of nutrition, fuels and chemical substances. the 1st foreign Workshop on Biosaline learn was once con vened at Kiawah Island, South Carolina, in 1977 through A. San Pietro.
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Extra resources for Biosalinity in Action: Bioproduction with Saline Water
33, 574-583. R, Greenway H and Kirst G 0 1983 Halotolerant eukaryotes. In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, New Series, Vol. 12C. Eds. 0 L Lange, P S Nobel, C B Osmond and H Ziegler. pp 59-135. Springer, Berlin. Osmond C B 1980 Integration of photosynthetic carbon metabolism during stress. In Genetic Engineering of Osmoregulation. Eds. D W Rains and R C Valentine. pp 171-186. Planum Press, New York. Osmond C B, Bjorkman 0 and Anderson D J 1980 Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology. Towards a Synthesis with Atriplex.
Printed in the Netherlands. Physiology of halophytes T. J. FLOWERS School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN] 9QG, Sussex, UK Key words Halophytes Physiology Salinity Salt tolerance Summary The cellular basis of salt tolerance in halophytes depends upon the compartmentation of ions necessary for osmoregulation in vacuoles and upon osmotic adjustment of the cytoplasm by compatible solutes. The central role played by Na+ and Cl- in osmotic adjustment suggests that the transport of these ions and its regulation must be of primary importance in the physiology of the plant as a whole.
BR 03 © 1985 Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht. Printed in the Netherlands. Physiology of halophytes T. J. FLOWERS School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN] 9QG, Sussex, UK Key words Halophytes Physiology Salinity Salt tolerance Summary The cellular basis of salt tolerance in halophytes depends upon the compartmentation of ions necessary for osmoregulation in vacuoles and upon osmotic adjustment of the cytoplasm by compatible solutes. The central role played by Na+ and Cl- in osmotic adjustment suggests that the transport of these ions and its regulation must be of primary importance in the physiology of the plant as a whole.