Biodiversity and Insect Pests: Key Issues for Sustainable - download pdf or read online

By Geoff M. Gurr, Stephen D. Wratten, William E. Snyder

Biodiversity deals nice strength for coping with insect pests. It presents resistance genes and anti-insect compounds; an incredible diversity of predatory and parasitic average enemies of pests; and group ecology-level results working on the neighborhood and panorama scales to examine pest build-up. This publication brings jointly international leaders in theoretical, methodological and utilized facets to supply a complete remedy of this fast-moving box.

bankruptcy authors from Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas be sure a really foreign scope. issues diversity from clinical rules, cutting edge learn equipment, ecological economics and powerful verbal exchange to farmers, in addition to case reports of winning use of biodiversity-based pest administration a few of which expand over hundreds of thousands of hectares or are enshrined as executive policy.

Written to be available to complicated undergraduates while additionally stimulating the professional researcher, this paintings may help unencumber the ability of biodiversity to convey sustainable insect pest management.

Visit www.wiley.com/go/gurr/biodiversity to entry the art from the booklet.

Content:
Chapter 1 Biodiversity and bug Pests (pages 1–20): Geoff M. Gurr, Steve D. Wratten and William E. Snyder
Chapter 2 The Ecology of Biodiversity–Biocontrol Relationships (pages 21–40): William E. Snyder and Jason M. Tylianakis
Chapter three The position of Generalist Predators in Terrestrial meals Webs: classes for Agricultural Pest administration (pages 41–56): ok. D. Welch, R. S. Pfannenstiel and J. D. Harwood
Chapter four Ecological Economics of Biodiversity Use for Pest administration (pages 57–71): Mark Gillespie and Steve D. Wratten
Chapter five Soil Fertility, Biodiversity and Pest administration (pages 72–84): Miguel A. Altieri, Luigi Ponti and Clara I. Nicholls
Chapter 6 Plant Biodiversity as a source for typical items for Insect Pest administration (pages 85–105): Opender Koul
Chapter 7 The Ecology and application of neighborhood and panorama Scale results in Pest administration (pages 106–120): Sagrario Gamez?Virues, Mattias Jonsson and Barbara Ekbom
Chapter eight Scale results in Biodiversity and organic keep an eye on: equipment and Statistical research (pages 121–138): Christoph Scherber, Blas Lavandero, Katrin M. Meyer, David Perovic, Ute Visser, Kerstin Wiegand and Teja Tscharntke
Chapter nine choose and combine: deciding upon Flowering crops to satisfy the necessities of goal organic regulate bugs (pages 139–165): Felix L. Wackers and Paul C. J. van Rijn
Chapter 10 The Molecular Revolution: utilizing Polymerase Chain response dependent the right way to discover the function of Predators in Terrestrial meals Webs (pages 166–184): William O. C. Symondson
Chapter eleven using Chemical Ecology to appreciate and make the most Biodiversity for Pest administration (pages 185–195): David G. James, Sofia Orre?Gordon, Olivia L. Reynolds (nee Kvedaras) and Marja Simpson
Chapter 12 utilizing determination thought and Sociological instruments to Facilitate Adoption of Biodiversity?Based Pest administration concepts (pages 197–213): M. M. Escalada and okay. L. Heong
Chapter thirteen Ecological Engineering techniques to regulate Insect Pests in Rice (pages 214–229): Geoff M. Gurr, ok. L. Heong, J. A. Cheng and J. Catindig
Chapter 14 China's ‘Green Plant safeguard’ Initiative: Coordinated promoting of Biodiversity?Related applied sciences (pages 230–240): Lu Zhongxian, Yang Yajun, Yang Puyun and Zhao Zhonghua
Chapter 15 variety and Defence: Plant–Herbivore Interactions at a number of Scales and Trophic degrees (pages 241–258): Finbarr G. Horgan
Chapter sixteen ‘Push–Pull’ Revisited: the method of profitable Deployment of a Chemical Ecology dependent Pest administration device (pages 259–275): Zeyaur R. Khan, Charles A. O. Midega, Jimmy Pittchar, Toby J. A. Bruce and John A. Pickett
Chapter 17 utilizing local Plant Species to Diversify Agriculture (pages 276–292): Douglas A. Landis, Mary M. Gardiner and Jean Tompkins
Chapter 18 utilizing Biodiversity for Pest Suppression in city Landscapes (pages 293–308): Paula M. Shrewsbury and Simon R. Leather
Chapter 19 hide vegetation and comparable tools for reinforcing Agricultural Biodiversity and Conservation Biocontrol: winning Case reviews (pages 309–327): P. G. Tillman, H. A. Smith and J. M. Holland
Chapter 20 end: Biodiversity as an Asset instead of a Burden (pages 329–339): Geoff M. Gurr, William E. Snyder, Steve D. Wratten and Donna M. Y. learn

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M. J. (2006) Assessment of the potential of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) varieties as trap plants for management of Chilo partellus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119, 15–22. , Smit, R. and Gilissen, N. (2001) Agri-environment schemes do not effectively protect biodiversity in Dutch agricultural landscapes. Nature, 413, 723–725. W. and Skourtos, M. (2010) Valuing ecosystem services on the basis of service-providing units: a potential approach to address the ‘endpoint problem’ and improve stated preference methods.

Eds) (2005) Sterile insect technique: principles and practice in areawide integrated pest management, Springer, Dordrecht. R. H. (1964) Butterflies and plants: a study on coevolution. Evolution, 18, 586–608. L. F. (2003) Intra-guild predation relaxes natural enemy impacts on herbivore populations. Ecological Entomology, 28, 67–73. L. F. (2004) Predator diversity dampens trophic cascades. Nature, 429, 407–410. L. E. (2008) Niche partitioning increases resource exploitation by diverse communities.

Neutral diversity effects can be recorded when predator species act largely independently from one another, and do not strongly interact; when prey are so abundant that any predator species-specific differences in prey use are not revealed; and when positive predator–predator interactions and negative predator– predator interactions perfectly counteract one another (Finke and Snyder, 2010). g. , 2006). These cases provide evidence for ‘emergent’ biodiversity effects, where in essence the whole exceeds the sum of the parts.

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