By Bruce A. Watson
In November of 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked British Convoy HX-84. The service provider cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, a switched over passenger liner that was once the convoy's in simple terms escort—armed simply with old 6-inch guns—charged the Nazi raider. whereas the Jervis Bay didn't stand an opportunity of surviving the conflict, her crew's fatalistic bravery encouraged awe in all who witnessed the struggle. Watson recounts how the Scheer's 11-inch weapons became the send right into a burning hulk in twenty-two mins, yet lots of the convoy escaped.
In November of 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked British Convoy HX-84. The Armed service provider Cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, the one escort and mounting old 6-inch weapons, charged the Nazi raider. whereas the Jervis Bay didn't stand an opportunity of surviving the conflict, her crew's fatalistic bravery encouraged awe in all who witnessed the struggle. Watson describes how the Scheer's 11-inch weapons grew to become the switched over passenger liner right into a burning hulk in twenty-two mins, yet many of the convoy escaped.
How did this war of words come to move? either the need of arming a passenger liner and pretending it used to be a warship, and the construction of the Admiral Scheer and her sister ships for the specific objective of trade raiding, locate their roots within the occasions, political judgements, re-armament polices, battle plans, naval traditions, and error that arose in pre-war Britain and Germany. yet this occasion holds a importance past the conflict itself. The sinking of the Jervis Bay symbolizes the tip of an period in naval war. The Armed service provider Cruisers of the second one international conflict inherited a protracted, occasionally noble and occasionally ignoble historical past. lengthy hired in blockade or patrol accountability, armed service provider cruisers ventured out for the 1st time to escort convoys, a protecting responsibility for which they have been eminently unsuited, and for which the Jervis Bay paid a anxious price.
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Extra info for Atlantic Convoys and Nazi Raiders: The Deadly Voyage of HMS Jervis Bay
The Great War, the War to End All Wars, as H. G. Wells called it in 1914, had finally ended. The savage Huns, who ravaged Western Europe and brought agony to the rest of the world, were ground to dust. The war's terrible grip loosened, a release from constant dread—the official notice of a father, another son, a brother killed or wounded; or the chilling sounds of heavy artillery announcing another offensive, their thunder reverberating from the front across the English Channel as far as St. James's Park in London; or the disguised fears about what new and lethal surprises the Germans might unleash upon the British troops; or that the killing might go on for yet another year.
After that period, no ships were to be built larger than 35,000 tons and no guns could •20- REBUILDING THE GERMAN NAVY be mounted larger than 16-inchers. Cruisers mounting 8-inch guns were limited to 10,000 tons. As with the limits imposed on Germany, capital ships could be replaced on a one-to-one ratio if the retiring ship was at least twenty years old. The treaty delayed the Royal Navy's capital ship replacement program because of the number and ages of her existing battleships. The British resented this because they now ranked second to the United States.
A. were slaughtered, some as their wives and children looked on. Perhaps a thousand died. No one is certain. Although the generals cheered Hitler's move against their great rival, they did not want to appear involved in political action. General Werner von Blomberg, minister of defense, covered them by issuing a proclamation stating that the army stood above politics and that its sole purpose was to defend Germany against all foreign enemies. Meanwhile, President Hindenberg thanked Hitler for rescuing Germany from revolution.