By Thanu Padmanabhan

This certain publication presents a transparent and lucid description of a number of facets of astrophysics and cosmology in a language comprehensible to a physicist or newbie in astrophysics. It provides the foremost issues in all branches of astrophysics and cosmology in an easy and concise language. The emphasis is on at present energetic learn parts and fascinating new frontiers instead of on extra pedantic subject matters. Many complex effects are brought with basic, novel derivations which increase the conceptual knowing of the topic. The e-book additionally includes over 100 routines so that it will aid scholars of their self learn. Undergraduate and graduate scholars in physics and astrophysics in addition to all physicists who're attracted to acquiring a brief seize of astrophysical strategies will locate this e-book important.

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**Extra info for An Invitation to Astrophysics**

**Sample text**

We look for a transformation of the form T — t + J(r) with some function J{r). This is equivalent to taking dT = dt + K(r)dr with K = dJ/dr. Substituting for dT in Eq. (1-77) we find that the off-diagonal term is eliminated if we choose K(r) = x / 2 G M / c 4 r ( l - 2 G M / c 2 r ) - 1 . dT+hf cT dr 8GMr ^(2GM/r) /-. 2GM\ AGM , _! 79) called the Schwarzschild metric, which is used extensively both in the study of general relativistic corrections to motion in the solar system and in black hole physics.

Usually, such a many body limit of a system can be understood using statistical physics. But conventional ideas of statistical mechanics do not work with gravity because conventional statistical mechanics assumes that energy is extensive. If you divide the molecules of a gas into two parts, the total energy is (to a very good approximation) the sum of the internal energies of the two individual parts. But if you divide a star cluster or galaxy into two parts, the total energy is not the sum of two parts; the gravitational interaction energy between the two parts makes a significant contribution.

Consequently, the precessing path of earth's axis has a tiny wobbling motion called nutation. Once again, this was known for centuries! Another phenomenon which arises because bodies are deformable is the tide raised on earth, which we shall consider next. Let us begin with the tidal effects due to the Moon. The action of Moon's gravitational force deforms the surface of the Earth periodically thereby leading to tidal bulges on the surface of the Earth. These tidal bulges will be located directly under the Moon if: (i) there is no other force (like friction) acting on the system and (ii) the rotational period of earth is identical to the orbital period of moon around earth.