Simon Skempton's Alienation After Derrida (Continuum Studies in Continental PDF

By Simon Skempton

Unfastened Will and Continental Philosophy explores the recommendations of free-will and self-determination within the Continental philosophical culture. David Rose examines the ways that Continental philosophy deals a practicable replacement to the hegemonic scientistic procedure taken by means of analytic philosophy. Rose claims that the matter of free-will is simply an issue if one makes an pointless assumption in keeping with medical rationalism. within the sphere of human motion we imagine that, in view that motion is a actual occasion, it has to be reducible to the legislation and ideas of technological know-how. consequently, the challenging nature of unfastened will increases its head, because the inspiration of unfastened will is intrinsically contradictory to this kind of reductionist outlook. This e-book means that the Continental thinkers supply a compelling replacement by way of targeting the phenomena of human motion and self-determination as a way to supply the reality of freedom in several phrases. therefore Rose bargains a revealing research into the perfect thoughts and different types of human freedom and motion.

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The best that philosophical knowledge can do is assert the identity of subject and object. But identity is not the same as unity; it is dependent on reflection and judgement [Urteil], and therefore merely constitutes the manifestation of a primordial separation [Ur-Teilung]. Unity means that no separation can take place without doing violence to what is to be separated, and this is not the case with identity. 49 The writings of Novalis also involve the notion of the loss of an originary unity. In his poetry there is the figure of ‘the stranger’, someone who bears the memory of a lost golden age and hopes for its return.

However, Lukács’s notion of authentic temporality involves an understanding of the present, not as immediacy, but as the mediation of the past and future through which humanity becomes part of a conscious and active becoming. 108 Derrida writes: [W]hat is anticipated in protention does not sever the present any less from its self-identity than does that which is retained in the trace. 109 What Derrida is suggesting here is that the deconstruction of the selfidentity of the present overcomes the reified givenness of the alreadythere and thus leads to the replacement of the contemplative passivity of ‘time’ by the activity and praxis of what Lukács calls ‘becoming’.

Reification is the reduction of what is properly a living human relation into an ossified thing. It refers to the dehumanization caused by the commodification of all aspects of life. ’100 The increasing division of labour into specialized operations means that the worker has no contact with the final product and that the work itself loses all qualitative and human characteristics, becoming a mere mechanical repetition. Such work dehumanizes the worker into being a mere fragment of himself, a functional cog in a machine, the empty repetitiveness of the work measured in purely quantitative temporal terms where time itself loses its qualitative and variable nature.

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