Download PDF by Tadeusz Pawlowski (auth.): Aesthetic Values

By Tadeusz Pawlowski (auth.)

What is aesthetic price? A estate in an item? An adventure of a perceiving individual? a terrific item current in a mysterious sphere, inaccessible to basic cognition? Does it look in a single shape in simple terms, or in lots of types, probably infinitely many? Is it whatever consistent, immutable, or really anything prone to switch, reckoning on the person, the cultural milieu, or the epoch? Is a rational defence of aesthetic worth decisions attainable, or is any dialogue of this subject meaningless? The above questions come up out of the main advanced philosophic difficulties. Volumes were written on every one of them. The discussions which proceed over the centuries, the plurality of perspectives and urged strategies, point out that every one concerns are debatable and contestable. each one view can adduce a few arguments assisting it; each one has a few weaknesses. one other resource of hassle is the vagueness and ambiguity of the language within which the issues are mentioned. This makes it tough to appreciate the information of specific thinkers and infrequently makes it most unlikely to make your mind up even if various formulations show the particular divergence of perspectives or merely the verbal personal tastes in their authors. allow us to upload that this imperfection doesn't easily spring from inaccuracy at the a part of students, but additionally effects from the complexity of the issues themselves. the problem is extra complex via very important elements of a social character.

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P. 77 ff. 23The problem of scales, their types, and the possibility of their application in the humanities is discussed in my book:(1980) Concept Formation in the Humanities and the Social Sciences, D. Reidel, Dordrecht. 24Cf. R. Farnsworth (1969) The Social Psychology of Music, The Iowa State University Press, Iowa. A. Richards (1960) Practical Criticism, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London. 26Cf. J. Stolnitz (1960) Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art Criticism, Boston, p. 413. 271. , p. 418. 28Cf.

The scarcity and indefiniteness of the characteristics of these entities is clearly seen. They mostly assume the following form: the aesthetic value (beauty) is a certain object (or a certain quality) which ... The word "certain" refers only to the existence of an object or quality without providing for its identification. The descriptions following the word "which" are so vague and partial that they are insufficient to distinguish the aesthetic value, let alone provide an equivalent criterion of it.

Neither of the two judgements is a negation of the other; this would be the case only if both referred to the same object. The discrepancy in judgements is thus illusory. 23 An additional explanatory remark is needed here. In this text, I use the term "discrepancy in judgements" in two senses: 1. e. formal discrepancy, and 2. genuine discrepancy, when it is logically impossible to recognize both judgements simultaneously. To explain a discrepancy in judgements as an apparent one is to prove that a formal discrepancy is not in fact a genuine one.

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