Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia - download pdf or read online

By Howard Padwa

Dependancy: A Reference Encyclopedia deals directly speak and transparent solutions on an issue frequently sensationalized within the media and politicized in the course of campaigns. Drawing from a wide selection of resources, it presents readers with a concise but thorough overview of what we all know approximately every kind of addictive behavior.Addiction surveys either the technological know-how of dependancy and its background within the usa with major sections: a story of the heritage of dependancy as a systematic and public coverage factor within the usa via a sequence of alphabetically prepared entries all in favour of corporations, members, and occasions that experience impacted our pondering dependancy. a lot of the paintings makes a speciality of substance abuse—alcohol, tobacco, opiates, cocaine—but the ebook additionally examines behaviors that experience just recently been famous as in all likelihood addictive, together with playing, sexual intercourse, web utilization, and extra.

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Around the turn of the twentieth century, a series of legal controls over opium and its derivatives took effect: in response to fear of the Chinese immigrants who used opium, several states began passing ordinances against opium smoking; the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act required proper labeling of medicines, leading many manufacturers to drop opium from their products; in 1909, the United States organized an international conference to tackle the opium problem in Asia; in 1914, the federal government instituted tight controls over opium and its derivatives with the passage of the Harrison Narcotics Act; and in the 1920s, the League of Nations took the lead in an international campaign to stamp out opiate addiction across the globe.

Long-term use of inhalants has been shown to lead to problems with the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs and stomach, as well as lasting brain damage that can cause trouble walking, hearing loss, thought disorders, and psychosis. Since the chemicals that give inhalants their psychoactive properties are so common, it is difficult to pinpoint when people began using them for psychoactive purposes. Some historians believe that the Ancient Greeks and Jews inhaled gaseous substances for their psychoactive effects, and there is evidence that people in the Mediterranean, Africa, and North America have done the same for centuries.

LSD was classified a Schedule I drug under the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, and despite its illegal status, it became increasingly popular among youths in the 1990s. Most of the LSD available on the black market today is produced in illicit labs in the Western United States. In addition to LSD, there are many other indole psychedelics that are used recreationally in the United States today. The seeds of the morning glory plant, for example, are sometimes used since they have psychedelic effects similar to LSD.

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